Arterial disease involves blockages in vessels that deliver oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the rest of the body. Depending on the location of the diseased arteries and the organs they support, various symptoms and problems can arise. The diagnosis and catheter-based treatment of many arterial conditions are performed in our state-of-the-art facilities. Office based procedures are safe, cost-effective and convenient. They are designed to enhance the patient experience with a constant focus on quality.
What is Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)?
Peripheral artery disease is the narrowing of the arteries that carry blood away from the heart. The leading cause of PAD is plaque buildup, called atherosclerosis. It is most common in the legs and feet, but people can also develop it in their arms. It can lead to skin changes, leg pain, wounds that don’t heal, and poor muscle perfusion.
Plaque builds on the artery wall, causing the artery to become hardened and more narrow. The plaque is mostly fat and cholesterol. There is a reduction of oxygenated blood flow because of the blockage in the artery.
Signs & Symptoms of PAD:
- Leg or buttock pain that worsens with activity
- Discoloration/pain in the toes
- Diminished pulses
- Muscle weakness
- Skin is cool to the touch
- Ulcers near the toes
Causes & Risk Factors:
- Ages 55+
- High cholesterol (poor lipid profile)
- Tobacco use
- Sedentary lifestyle